By Gennady Estraikh, Hasia R. Diner
Winner of the 2013 nationwide Jewish publication Award, Anthologies and Collections
The 12 months 1929 represents a big turning aspect in interwar Jewish society, proving to be a 12 months while Jews, despite the place they lived, observed themselves plagued by advancements that came about all over the world, because the crises continued via different Jews grew to become a part of the transnational Jewish recognition. within the usa, the inventory industry crash introduced lasting fiscal, social, and ideological alterations to the Jewish neighborhood and restricted its skill to help humanitarian and nationalist tasks in different international locations. In Palestine, the anti-Jewish riots in Hebron and different cities underscored the vulnerability of the Zionist firm and ignited heated discussions between numerous Jewish political teams concerning the knowledge of building a Jewish country on its old website. even as, within the Soviet Union, the consolidation of strength within the fingers of Stalin created a way more dogmatic weather within the overseas Communist stream, together with its Jewish branches.
Featuring a glowing array of students of Jewish historical past, 1929 surveys the Jewish international in a single yr providing transparent examples of the transnational connections which associated Jews to every other—from politics, international relations, and philanthropy to literature, tradition, and the destiny of Yiddish—regardless of the place they lived. Taken jointly, the essays in 1929 argue that, even if American, Soviet, German, Polish, or Palestinian, Jews in the course of the global lived in a world context.
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Additional info for 1929: Mapping the Jewish World (The Goldstein-Goren Series in American Jewish History)
In military terms, and in terms of lost resources, this event was of very little consequence, and it certainly did not spell the immediate end of west Roman power. But Rome, although it had seldom been visited by emperors during the fourth century, remained in the hearts and minds of Romans the City: all freeborn men of the empire were its citizens. Not for eight centuries, since the Gauls had sacked Rome in , had Rome been captured by barbarians; and on that occasion the pagan gods, and the honking of some sacred geese, had saved the city’s last bastion, the Capitol, from falling to a surprise attack.
The right way to treat hostile barbarians, as shown on the column of Marcus Aurelius in Rome (built at the end of the second century ). Above, captured males are being beheaded, apparently by fellow prisoners acting under duress; below, a woman and child are being led into slavery—while behind them another woman prisoner is stabbed in the chest by a Roman soldier. ‘The Return of Good Times’ (Fel. Temp. Reparatio), as imagined on a fourthcentury coin: a Roman soldier spears a diminutive barbarian horseman.
27 These dismissive and hostile sentiments were not kept quietly under wraps, for discussion only amongst Romans. The monuments of the empire were covered in representations of barbarians being brutally killed (Fig. ); and one of the commonest designs of copper coin of the fourth century shows Rome’s view of the correct ordering of things—a barbarian being speared to death by a victorious Roman soldier (Fig. ). The invaders must have been fully aware of these Roman sentiments towards them, and it is unlikely that they were wholly unaﬀected by them.