A Concise History of New Zealand (2nd Edition) (Cambridge by Philippa Mein Smith

By Philippa Mein Smith

New Zealand used to be the final significant landmass, except Antarctica, to be settled via people. the tale of this rugged and dynamic land is superbly narrated, from its origins in Gondwana a few eighty million years in the past to the twenty-first century. Philippa Mein Smith highlights the consequences of the country's smallness and isolation, from its past due cost via Polynesian voyagers and colonisation by way of Europeans and the exchanges that made those humans Maori and Pakeha to the dramatic struggles over land and up to date efforts to regulate international forces.

A Concise heritage of latest Zealand areas New Zealand in its international and nearby context. It unravels key moments the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi, the Anzac touchdown at Gallipoli, the sinking of the Rainbow Warrior displaying their function as nation-building myths and connecting them with the fewer dramatic forces, financial and social, that experience formed modern New Zealand.

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The Moriori population numbered 1660 in 1835, and 101 by 1862. Thus encounters with Europe led to displacement of Maori, who in turn used European technology and people to dispossess Moriori. The musket wars finally ended in the Chatham Islands in 1840, when the feuding Maori were themselves separated by land purchases. The wars also had long-term effects in the Wellington region that the invaders had left, because they bequeathed the mana whenua that they claimed in the area, as migrants, to their Te Ati Awa kin Te Wharepouri, who had also led a migration south from Taranaki.

In du Fresne’s case, he insulted both the living and their ancestors by fishing at a tapu cove, where men had drowned. ’ So – like Cook in Hawaii – du Fresne was killed and eaten, to consume his 30 A Concise History of New Zealand life force and his mana. Thus overpowered, he could not be celebrated in Maori or European narratives. Rather, histories have tended to imply that, as a Frenchman, he deserved his punishment, killed after a ‘series of blunders’. His deputy, Julien Crozet, simply confirmed that the French were inhumane relative to the British by seeking revenge through massacre.

3 A watery world Waka across a watery world 9 in one ‘pulse’, people may have been driven to leave their home islands by a catastrophe, whether famine, climate change, or an environmental disaster such as a major earthquake or tsunami. Those who fled demonstrated by their feats that they possessed the skills necessary for oceanic migration: maritime technology in the form of the dugout canoe, stabilised by outriggers, and with a lateen sail, that allowed long-distance travel across the Pacific; and expertise in agriculture, the use of crops and domesticated animals.

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