By Magorzata Pakier, Bo Stråth
"As the main finished scholarly enterprise to exploit the reminiscence suggestion for a extensive review of the darkish legacies of Nazism, Communism, and global struggle II for a typical eu id, the amount has no equivalent. It overwhelms the reader with a plethora of either new and good demonstrated info and reflection...The total course coincides with the present development in the direction of internationalization of nationwide histories. it may be thought of a robust contribution to this significant and beneficial trend." · Frank Trommler, collage of Pennsylvania
An exam of the function of historical past and reminiscence is essential with the intention to greater comprehend why the grand layout of a United Europe-with a standard international coverage and marketplace but sufficient variety to permit for cultural and social differences-was overwhelmingly became down via its electorate. The authors argue that this rejection of the ecu structure used to be to a undeniable quantity a problem to the present historic grounding used for extra integration and additional demonstrates the shortcoming of figuring out by means of eu bureaucrats of the old complexity and divisiveness of Europe's earlier. A serious eu background is for this reason urgently had to confront and re-imagine Europe, no longer as a harmonious continent yet because the end result of violent and bloody conflicts, either inside of Europe in addition to with its Others. because the authors express, those darkish shadows of Europe's earlier needs to be built-in, and the truth that stories of Europe are contested needs to be approved if any new makes an attempt at a United Europe are to achieve success.
Małgorzata Pakier has lately obtained a PhD from the ecu college Institute in Florence, division of historical past and Civilization. She has released articles in Polish and English on discourses and pictures of the Holocaust in pop culture and movie.
Bo Stråth was once Professor of latest historical past on the ecu collage Institute in Florence (1997-2007) and is at the moment Academy of Finland distinctive Professor of Nordic, eu and international background at Helsinki collage. His study concentrates on questions of modernity and using historical past in a ecu and worldwide viewpoint.
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Extra resources for A European Memory? Contested Histories and Politics of Remembrance
Scythia, land of eschatia and eremia, a frontier and a deserted one at that, marked a space at the borders of the then known inhabited world. However, its borders were indistinct and the Scythians in their turn were characterized by their nomadism. After all, they left central Asia in the eighth to seventh centuries BC to settle in the Caucasus and then moved ceaselessly: ‘For them, the unquestionable division between Asia and Europe does not really exist; they pass from one continent to the other without ever fully realizing what they are doing (in their pursuit of the Cimmerians, they take the wrong route).
The French king had authorized the drawing up of a 182-sheet geometric map of France in 1748; Captain Cook was charting the south Pacific; the Ordinance Survey maps of England were set up in 1791; and only a few years later Napoleon was to declare his wish to map his entire empire in Europe and beyond. ’ Like botany and natural history, this ‘nomination of the visible,’ as Foucault puts it in his Order of Things, imposed a Eurocentric structure of knowledge and reason. It went hand in hand with capital and imperialism and, as Mary Louise Pratt and Edward Said have shown in their work, this soon functioned as a justification for the exploitation of colonial peoples and cultures.
Barthélemy’s narrator, a distanced observer, reports on practices of a bygone era and footnotes each popularizing description with its classical textual source at the foot of each page. Quite literally, his ‘citation’ functions precisely as a ‘calling forth,’ in the classical sense (cf. Gumpert 2001). Rhigas’s identification with Barthélemy’s text foregrounds the European taste for reading classical texts in Greece, and reading modern Greece as a classical text. Furthermore, by superimposing familiar Lacedemonians and Messenians – read as respectably Greek – over the many distant peoples of his time, the notion of difference is domesticated and rendered more palatable to European taste.