A Peaceful Jihad: Negotiating Identity and Modernity in by R. Lukens-Bull

By R. Lukens-Bull

Based on large ethnographic study, this e-book examines how the Islamic neighborhood in Java, Indonesia, is actively negotiating either modernity and culture within the contexts of nation-building, globalisation, and a intended conflict of civilizations. The pesantren group, so-called since it is headquartered round an instructional establishment known as the pesantren, makes use of schooling as a relevant area for facing globalization and the development and upkeep of an Indonesian Islamic identification. notwithstanding, the community's efforts to strive against with those matters expand past schooling into the general public sphere often and particularly within the zone of management and politics. The case fabric is used to appreciate Muslim concepts and responses to civilizational touch and clash. students, trained readers, and complex undergraduates attracted to Islam, spiritual schooling, the development of non secular id within the context of nationwide politics and globalization will locate this paintings useful.

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Reformists favor the position that the door of interpretation is open and that a properly qualified scholar must have the right to perform ijtihad at all times. , NU’s) does not mean a blind commitment to following established dogma, but means that forming opinions must be done within the frame of previous scholars. Indeed, Abdurrahman Wahid favors a position in which the methods and general framework of previous scholars are used, rather than a strict observance of specific past decisions. In this regard, he states However, I am of the opinion that following the Shafi’i maddhab means following Imam Shafi’i in his methodology (manhaj) for determining law, specifically following his principles of jurisprudence (usul fiqh).

People will take a copy that has been at the graves, absorbing barakah, and leave a replacement copy. The mosque–graveyard complex forms the physical and symbolic center of the pesantren. This complex is, then, representative of traditional Javanese Islamic piety. It reflects three dimensions of piety: shariah, scholarship, and mysticism. It clearly demonstrates that these three dimensions must be balanced, that one cannot exist without another. Other models of Javanese Islamic piety suggest that it is possible to transcend shariah by mystical practice and therefore no longer be required to uphold it (Woodward 1989:107).

Related practices are special intercessory prayers called istighosa, repetitive chants, communal meals to invoke blessing, and grave visitation. In addition to religious education and character development, many pesantren have curricula designed to teach their students the skills and knowledge to find employment after they graduate. General education usually includes one of two basic government recognized curricula, one mostly secular and the other with a greater emphasis on religious NEGOTIATING TRADITION, MODERNITY, AND IDENTITY 19 training.

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