By Michael P. Murtaugh PhD, Nancy A. Monteiro-Riviere PhD, Linda Panepinto BS (auth.), Mike E. Tumbleson, Lawrence B. Schook (eds.)
Similarities in constitution and serve as among pigs and people comprise dimension, feeding styles, digestive body structure, nutritional behavior, kidney constitution and serve as, pulmo nary vascular mattress constitution, coronary artery distribution, propensity to weight problems, respiration charges, tidal volumes and social behaviors. because the pig is an omnivore, it offers an adaptable version to guage power and acute exposures to xenobiotics reminiscent of alcohoL caffeine, tobacco, nutrition ingredients and environmental toxins. Swine were used effectively as types to guage alcoholism, diabetes, absorption, digestion, overall paren teral nutrients, organ transplantation, atherosclerosis, workout, high blood pressure. hemorrhagic hypotension, cancer, gingivitis, obstructive and reflux nephropathy. osteochondrosis. dermal therapeutic and septic surprise. A critical and aggravating scarcity of organs and tissues for transplantation in sufferers with critical organ failure has inspired the glory of inter species or xenotransplan tation. In constructing courses towards this finish, the pig commonly is seen because the most popular donor as a result of its dimension, body structure and availability. The pig harbors quite few ailments that may be transmitted inadvertently to human sufferers. the facility to genetically alter swine to ameliorate the implications of the human immune reaction deals another major virtue. one other vital attention for an animal version is that simple biologic again flooring info be on hand for investigators to layout destiny potential studies.
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Extra resources for Advances in Swine in Biomedical Research: Volume 2
94. , 1995, Toxicokinetics of topical sulfur mustard penetration, disposition and vascular toxicity in isolated perfused porcine skin, Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacal. 135:25-34. 95. , 1995, Detection of sulfur mustard (bis-2-chloroethyl sulfide) and metabolites after topical application in the isolated perfused porcine skin flap, Life Sci. 56:1385-1394. 96. , 1995, Indirect immunohistochemistry and immunoelectron microscopy distribution of eight epidermal-dermal junction epitopes in the pig and in isolated perfused porcine skin treated with bis (2-chloroethyl) sulfide.
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The ED] of porcine skin has been described to be ultrastructurally similar to that of human skin. 3,28 ED] consists of the basal cell plasma membrane (which includes the hemidesmosomes), lamina lucida, lamina densa (basal lamina) and subbasal lamina. Antibodies chosen for this study have been localized within human skin ED] and were found to cross react with epitopes within porcine EDJ. The authors are unaware of any extensive mapping studies within the ED] ofnonnal pig skin. Stanley et al. 107 did report that laminin, type IV collagen and BP bound to ED] ofnonnal skin of weanling Yorkshire pigs.