By D. S. Henningson (auth.), Professor Dr. Hans-Hermann Fernholz, Professor Dr. Heinrich E. Fiedler (eds.)
The moment ecu Turbulence convention used to be held on the Technische Univer sitat Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany, from August thirtieth to September second 1988 less than the auspices of the eu Mechanics Committee. It used to be primar ily dedicated to primary facets of turbulence, and geared toward bringing jointly engineers, physicists, and mathematicians. The clinical committee - serving additionally as Sub-committee of the eu Turbulence convention - consisted of the next participants: G. Comte-Bellot (Lyon), H.-H. Fernholz and H.E. Fiedler (both from Berlin) as co-chairmen of the convention, U. Frisch (Nice), J.C.R. Hunt (Cambridge), E. Krause (Aachen), M. Landahl (Stockholm), A.M. Obukhov (Moscow), and G. Ooms (Amsterdam). The convention programme comprised 6 invited lectures and ninety four contributions, provided both orally or at poster periods. there have been a hundred sixty five members from 18 nations. All papers released in those convention complaints have been, apart from the invited ones, back refereed via the contributors of the clinical committee. the most learn subject matters mentioned at this assembly have been balance and gener ation of turbulence, results of rotation, stratification and buoyancy forces, novel instrumentation, manipulation and keep watch over, boundary layers with separation and reattachment, desktop simulation, turbulent diffusion, snapshot research and circulation visualization, vorticity dynamics and turbulence, and large-scale buildings. we've got taken the freedom of regrouping a few papers following the submitted ultimate models for this quantity. Authors might consequently locate their paper lower than a special heading from that during the convention programme.
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Extra info for Advances in Turbulence 2: Proceedings of the Second European Turbulence Conference, Berlin, August 30 – September 2, 1988
Ax). CONCLUDING DISCUSSION The results of the previous sections emphasize that the spatial growth of the turbulent spot is directly related to a streamwise increase in the number of structures. The focus on the spot population with the most probable number of features has enabled the structures to be identified and several of their characteristics to be determined. In particular, the convection velocity is the same for all structures. This behavior is also indicated in Matsui's (1980) sequence of hydrogen bubble photographs in a natural spot.
2. Small scale transition . 0 6CPs<~~\'l\ o Q( Growth of low frequency Fig. 3. perturbations. x o xX We then found that when the flow was forced strongly at the fundamental, the fundamental had a clear phase reference with a sharp peak in the spectrum. Yet, the spectrum of the sub harmonic is still broadband, because the energy transferred from the fundamental to the subharmonic is not efficient. Contamination from the background noise dominates the growth of the subharmonic. Hence, the vortex pairing could not be phase-locked with the forcing fundamental and the phase decorrelation occurred.
The opposite process is 'banana making', when a volume of low speed fluid follows a volume of high speed fluid. In this case the front between both volumes is moderate, resp. the decrease in the u-component is less steep. This model explains the asymmetry in the probability distribution of au/at, resp. the positive skewness coefficient. If one takes conservation of mass into account one can see that in the case of 'pancake making' high speed fluid is decelerated and pushed aside in all directions.