World History Series - The Cold War

Britta Bjornlund

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In 1996, in the International Court of Justice’s advisory opinion on the use and threatened use of nuclear weapons ruled that both are violations of international law, and the Court directed the nuclear powers to implement their Article VI commitments. Air Force photographs of nuclear weapons on the island have been publicly available for over 25 years.” The nongovernmental group posted several photos, which were originally released in 1990 from U.

DoD Nuclear Weapon System Safety Program Manual (DoD

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Once that taboo is broken, the NPT is likely to fall apart, a new nuclear arms race will ensue, and any regional conflict will have the potential to explode into all-out nuclear war, with unimaginable consequences. Volume I includes the front matter and a description of fission and fusion weapon physics, fuels, and weapon design and detonation principles. B 1.0 1.3 1.4 1,0 M KILOTON Am BUHfiT— SO SBCOKDfl 1 BfEI^TON AK BURST— 110 SECOKDe 10s-30s: Surge and stem evolution 20 ET 300 MPH 1 M7 379 MPh AFTERWINDS 1.2 s: Shock-front re-bounce ao KT MILES {) 1 MT MILES fl*^ Initial fireball 225 kT GEORGE test Opertion Greenhouse ATOMIC WEAPONS - ORIENTATION PARTS 5 and 6 c_fcnb 'T«i«:r I ■' a 'fc, y.

The Fate of the Earth

Jonathan Schell

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Just in case anybody did somehow manage to forget, the code was handed out on a checklist to the launch crews. Small numbers of such items may have been smuggled from abroad. But Berger a warning delivered Tuesday by President Bill Clinton: "The only answer to aggression and outlaw behaviour is He (Saddam) will rebuild his arsenal of weapons of mass destruction and some day, some way, I am certain he will use that arsenal again, as he has On 6 October 1998, Senator Carl Levin of Michigan, a member of the Senate Armed Services Committee, addressed that committee at a hearing on the subject of worldwide threats facing the U.

Future Roles of U.S. Nuclear Forces: Implications for U.S.

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Global terrorism has increased the demand for these weapons. S. to withdraw from the ABM Treaty because he says that the Clinton administration is ignoring the "real threats" in China, North Korea, Iran, and possibly Russia, most congressmen and congressional staffers doubt the senator's legislation will draw much support.41 Both treaties are important as symbolical and practical means to prevent nuclear proliferation. 3. Nuclear explosions are the result of the rapid release of energy that comes from an uncontrolled nuclear chain reaction.

Unthinking the Unthinkable: Nuclear Weapons and Western

Jeff Smith

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If nuclear weapons states continue to maintain the position that nuclear weapons preserve their security, it is only reasonable that other nations with less powerful military forces, such as North Korea, will decide that their security should also be maintained by nuclear arsenals. Vows Faster Payment To Russia in Uranium Deal: Action Aimed at Persevering Disarmament Agreement," The Washington Post 6 July 1995: A17. "'Loose Nukes' -- Update on Nuclear Weapons Sales" on ABC's Primetime Live, 19 Aug. 1994, 10:00 PM ET; guests: Franz Mittelstaedt, Nuclear Black Market Dealer; Senator Sam Nunn, (D), Georgia, Armed Services Committee Chairman; Dmitri Muratov, Reporter, "Nova Gazetta"; Gennady, Nuclear Black Market Dealer; Tatiana, Black Market Nuclear Arms Dealer; Victor Mikhala, Russian Nuclear Energy Minister.

Tuxedo Park

Jennet Conant

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Who initially brought up the possibility of use against the Japanese? During the Cold War such weapons were considered for use against tank attacks, with the goal of disabling tank crews without having to physically destroy the tank. The US and USSR have proven in years of research and actual testing that nuclear devices are most effective when merely targeting an enemy. The children of those exposed to radiation are statistically more likely to be born with abnormalities and suffer from leukaemia.

Hell's Fire: A Documentary History of the American Atomic

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Exciting real life operation rooms and many audio-visual presentations. A significant number of them feel that the government should provide them with free medical care for ailments which may possibly have been induced by their exposure to radiation; some feel they should receive monetary compensation; many others want nothing more than official recognition, by either a public declaration, a certificate, or a medal. In reality, Trident is a 'first strike' system, capable of destroying targets almost anywhere on earth.

A World Destroyed: Hiroshima and the Origins of the Arms

Martin J. Sherwin

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India and Pakistan are two nations that, on the brink of war, decided to acquire nuclear weapons. They will remain essential as long as other governments that might, one day, threaten our security, continue to possess or seek them. NRC standards require that nuclear plant operators protect against a much smaller number of attackers than involved in these attacks. After decades of campaigning from victims, Congress passed the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act in 1990.

Risks of Unintentional Nuclear War

Daniel Frei

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S. has to place missile defense as a priority if it is to continue to have the ability to protect its citizens and allies abroad from ballistic missile attacks by rogue nations. And nations that already possess these weapons are proud to own them. Less commonly used has been uranium-233. Neptunium-237 and some isotopes of americium may be usable for nuclear explosives as well, but it is not clear that this has ever been implemented, and even their plausible use in nuclear weapons is a matter of scientific dispute. [8] The basics of the Teller–Ulam design for a hydrogen bomb: a fission bomb uses radiation to compress and heat a separate section of fusion fuel.

March to Armageddon: The United States and the Nuclear Arms

Ronald E. Powaski

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So, with a bit of luck we will be able to manage this, but it’s going to take very cool heads over the next few months. And if a country couldn’t be deterred by a level half the size of the current US stockpile, what logic presumes it would be deterred by the current level? S. �SAC listed four missile types for delivering nuclear warheads: the Snark, the Rascal, the Cross Bow, and IRBM [Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile].� The Snark, an early intercontinental ground-launched cruise missile, was only briefly deployed, during 1959, because it was a fiasco (areas in the Atlantic Oceans where the missiles crashed were called �Snark infested waters�).� The Rascal (replaced by the Hound Dog in 1958) and Cross Bow were both bomber-launched missiles, with the Crossbow targeting radars.